Lesson 4



PERSONAL PRONOUNS

Personal pronouns are words that refer to the persons speaking, the persons spoken to, or the persons or things spoken about. Personal pronouns in English are: I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they as subject forms, and: me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them as object forms. In Macedonian there are two types of personal pronouns, full and short. The dative short forms are equal to the possessive pronouns short forms.
PERSONAL
PROUNOUNS
Singular Plural
1st
person
2nd
person
3rd
Person
1st
person
2nd
person
3rd
Person
Masculine Feminine Neuter
Basic
Fom
јас
jas - I
ти
ti - you
тој
toj - he
таа
taa - she
тоа
toa - it
ние
nie - we
вие
vie - you
тие
tie - they
Accusative
Full Form
мене
mene
тебе
tebe
него
nego
неа
nea
него
nego
нас
nas
вас
vas
нив
niv
Accusative
Short Form
ме
me
те
te
го
go
ја
ja
го
go
нè
ne
ве
ve
ги
gi
Dative
Full Form
мене
mene
тебе
tebe
нему
nemu
нејзе
nejze
нему
nemu
нам
nam
вам
vam
ним
nim
Dative
Short Form
ми
mi
ти
ti
му
mu
ѝ
i
му
mu
ни
ni
ви
vi
им
im
English me you him her it us you them
Please note, the 2nd person singular ти is an informal form, used when addressing a close friend, a child, or a member of one's family. The polite form is the 2nd person plural вие, most usually spelled with a capital letter Вие.

Samples:
Јас и ти. - Me and you. (literal translation: I and you)
Те сакам. - I love you. (literal translation: You I-love)
Ме сакаш. - You love me. (literal translation: Me you-love)
Те сакам тебе. - I love you. (literal translation: You I-love you; meaning: I love you, not him/her)
Јас те сакам тебе. - I love you. (literal translation: I you I-love you; meaning: I love you, and not him/her)
Те сакам само тебе. - I love only you. (literal translation: You I-love only you)


POSSESIVE PRONOUNS

Possessive pronouns are words that describe a noun and show ownership. In English they are: my, your, his, her, its, our, their; and: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs. In Macedonian, possessive pronouns have short and full forms. The short forms always stay after the noun, and the full forms usually stay before the noun. The full forms can be indefinite and definite, and agree in gender and number with the modified noun.

POSSESSIVE
PROUNOUNS
Singular Plural
1st
person
2nd
person
3rd
Person
1st
person
2nd
person
3rd
Person
Masculine Feminine Neuter
SHORT FORMS ми
mi
ти
ti
му
mu
ѝ
i
му
mu
ни
ni
ви
vi
им
im
FULL FORMS
Masculine:
мој
moj
твој
tvoj
негов
negov
нејзин
nejzin
негов
negov
наш
mash
ваш
vash
нивен
niven
Feminine: моја
moja
твоја негова нејзина негова наша ваша нивна
Neuter: мое
moe
твое негово нејзино негово наше ваше нивно

Plural:

мои
moi
твои негови нејзини негови наши ваши нивни
English my / mine your / yours his her / hers its our / ours your / yours their / theirs

Samples:
Книгата е моја. - That book is mine. (the possessive pronoun 'moja' is in 3rd person singular, feminine, indefinite form)
Тоа е моја книга. - That is my book. (the possessive pronoun 'moja' is in 3rd person singular, feminine, indefinite form)
Мојата книга е бела. - My book is white. (the possessive pronoun 'mojata' is in 3rd person singular, feminine, definite form)
Кучето е мое. - That dog is mine. (the possessive pronoun 'moe' is in 3rd person singular, neuter, indefinite form)
Моето куче е бело. - My dog is white. (the possessive pronoun 'moeto' is in 3rd person singular, neuter, definite form)

The short forms are usually used when describe a familly member, a relative, a close friend etc. and always stay after the noun:

Татко ти и мајка ти. - Your father and your mother. (the possessive pronoun 'ti' is in 2nd person singular)
Братучед ми и другар ми се кај мене. - My cousin and my friend are at me. (the possessive pronoun 'mi' is in 1st person singular)



DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS

Demonstrative pronouns in Macedonian have three forms according to the gender and the number: a basic definite form, a form for close, and a form for far. The plural forms are same for all three genders.

Gender Singular Plural
Masculine тој (toj) - he
овој (ovoj) - this
оној (onoj) - that

тие (tie) - they


овие (ovie) - these


оние (onie) - those

Feminine таа (taa) - she
оваа (ovaa) - this
онаа (onaa) - that
Neuter тоа (toa) - it
ова (ova) - this
она (ona) - that
Samples:
Книга. - Book. (feminine noun)
Книгата е бела. - The book is white.
Оваа книга е бела. - This book is white.
Онаа книга е бела. - That book is white.
Овие книги се бели. - These books are white.
Оние книги се бели. - Those books are white.
Куче. - Dog. (neuter noun)
Кучето е бело. - The dog is white.
Тоа е куче. - It is a dog.
Кучето е бело. - The dog is white.
Тоа куче е бело. - That dog is white.
Ова куче е бело. - This dog is white.
Она куче е бело. - That dog is white.

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